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Synthesis of α-Bromonaphthalene

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PostSubject: Synthesis of α-Bromonaphthalene Tue Aug 02, 2011 2:35 pm

α-Bromonaphthalene (CAS NO.: 90-11-9), which is also known as 1-bromonaphthalene, could be produced through the following synthetic routes.

In a 2-l. flask are placed 512 g. (4 moles) of naphthalene and 275 g. (170 cc.) of carbon tetrachloride. The flask is equipped with a stirrer, an efficient reflux condenser, and a dropping funnel, the stem of which extends below the level of the liquid. From the top of the reflux condenser a tube leads to a water trap similar to that described in Fig. 7 on p. 97. The mixture is warmed on a steam bath to gentle boiling, and 707 g. (220 cc., 4.4 moles) of bromine is run in at such a rate that practically none of it is carried over with the hydrogen bromide into the trap. This requires from twelve to fifteen hours, during which time the mixture is gently warmed on the steam bath, with continual stirring, until the evolution of hydrogen bromide ceases (about six hours). The mixture is now distilled from the steam bath under slightly reduced pressure (using a condenser) until free of carbon tetrachloride; the residue is mixed with 2030 g. of powdered or granulated sodium hydroxide and stirred at 90100 for four hours. The liquid is transferred to a flask for fractional distillation and distilled under reduced pressure. The forerun contains a considerable proportion of unchanged naphthalene, the bulk of which is removed by chilling and filtering with suction; the main fraction, consisting of bromonaphthalene, passes over at 132135/12 mm. (145148/20 mm.), and a high-boiling fraction, consisting of dibromonaphthalene, is collected. The intermediate fractions and the filtrates from the foreruns are systematically redistilled; in this way 600620 g. of colorless α-bromonaphthalene (7275 per cent of the theoretical amount) and about 30 g. of a mixture of dibromonaphthalenes (m.p., about 60) are obtained.
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